Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, by Terry M. Mays

By Terry M. Mays

In 1981 the association of African solidarity (OAU) mandated and fielded the 1st neighborhood peacekeeping operation because the Arab League's undertaking in Kuwait two decades previous. Battalion-sized contingents from Nigeria, Senegal, and Zaire have been joined by way of smaller observer contingents from different OAU participants that allows you to offer a buffer sector among the 2 major factions within the Chadian civil war.

Mays opens his research by way of supplying an summary of the idea that of peacekeeping. a number of definitions are provided to assist distinguish among some of the varieties of peace operations. After interpreting the idea that hegemon, he seems on the methods neighborhood and subregional hegemons make the most of peacekeeping operations as overseas coverage instruments as they defend their pursuits. Mays argues that Nigeria, as a West African hegemon, served because the relocating strength in the back of the mandating and fielding of the OAU peacekeeping venture in Chad. instead of being basically humanitarian in nature, Nigeria's motivation integrated the elimination of French and later Libyan squaddies from a vulnerable kingdom on its border. even if, Nigeria couldn't practice the duty by myself. France and the us have been instrumental besides within the mandating and fielding method. French and American pursuits stemmed from obstacle over Libyan reasons in Chad. Nigeria stored the hassle to mandate the peacekeeping operation alive for 2 years; France proved to be the stimulus in the back of persuading the Chadian executive to just accept the deployment of OAU peacekeepers and prompting the Senegalese to give a contribution a battalion to the undertaking; the us contributed by means of conserving France and Nigeria inquisitive about a peacekeeping answer and supporting convince Zaire to affix the undertaking.

Mays bargains the 1st complete exam of the OAU peacekeeping venture and stories the political and army association of the strength in addition to its deployment, redeployment plans, logistics, and operations among the Chadian factions. using an in depth number of assets, together with interviews with individuals, diplomats, and govt records, he provdies an in depth exam of each meeting/conference among 1979 and 1981 that mentioned a peacekeeping alternative for Chad. components of good fortune in conventional peacekeeping operations are utilized to the OAU undertaking, and he concludes by way of reviewing the effect of the 1981-1982 OAU operation on present African peacekeeping traits. a useful research for students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with peacekeeping, diplomacy, and African studies.

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